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Virtual Library of Northern European Studies

FID Nordeuropa

At the beginning of 2016, the Specialised Information Service (FID) for Northern Europe took over the special subject collection (SSG) "History, languages and literature of the Nordic countries" at Kiel University Library, as part of the nationwide Specialised Information Services programme (Fachinformationsdienste für die Wissenschaft) run by the German Research Foundation (DFG). The FID Northern Europe collects scientifically-relevant literature on Denmark, Norway (including Svalbard), Sweden, Greenland, Iceland, the Faroe Islands and Finland (through the FID Finnish-Ugric / Uralic Languages, Literatures and Cultures at the Göttingen State and University Library). Beyond this, the FID's research portal is the vifanord Virtual Library of Northern European Studies (vifanord).

Please address related enquiries as well as general research questions on the subject of Northern Europe to Dr. Ruth Sindt.

The FID also gladly accepts purchase suggestions. In this regard, please send detailed title information (where possible) via E-Mail.

Online search for new acquisitions of the FID Northern Europe.

The Profile of the Virtual Library of Northern European Studies

The Virtual Library of Northern European Studies includes the following countries

  • Denmark
  • Norway and Svalbard
  • Sweden
  • Faroe Islands
  • Greenland
  • Iceland
  • Finland (Göttingen State and University Library)

Literature on the following areas is collected

  • Language, literature and anthropology
  • History including social history and economic history, as well as prehistory and protohistory
  • Politics, constitution, administration
  • Publications about political parties, trade unions and similar organisations, as well as human geography and regional geography

This also includes literature on the following areas

  • Saami (with the exception of language, literature and folklore) and Germanic-Nordic religion

Brief History of Specialised Information Service

The historically-developed close relationships with the Nordic countries have had a lasting influence on the inventory history at Kiel University Library. After the Gottorp share of the Duchy of Holstein was ceded to Denmark in 1773, the library profited from receiving duplicates from the Royal Library in Copenhagen, and in particular from numerous gifts of money from the king. In 1811, the year of appointment of the first associate professor for Danish Philology, the poet Jens Baggesen (1764-1826), special funds were first granted for procuring Danish books.

First full professorship for Theodor Möbius

The first full professorship in Nordic Philology was awarded to Theodor Möbius (1821-1890) in 1865. Thanks to him, the library has its basic stock of approximately 1,100 Icelandic volumes, which was a significant collection before the Second World War.

In the framework of the acquisition agreements between the Prussian university libraries valid from 1910, Kiel took over the area "Nordic Philology", and together with Göttingen, Bonn, Breslau and Königsberg was one of the first five libraries which had clearly-defined collecting tasks assigned to it. After the founding of the Notgemeinschaft der Deutschen Wissenschaft (Emergency Association of German Science) in 1920, Kiel's collecting task was defined as the Nordic "cultural circle".

After the Second World War

During the Second World War, around 250,000 volumes - half of the library's total inventory - were destroyed by bombs, including about 30 percent of the Icelandic inventory (in comparison with the 5,478 titles in existence until 1942/1944, recorded in the Iceland catalogue published by Olaf Klose in 1931). The library's contacts with the Nordic countries facilitated the resumption of collecting, and making the required replacements to the old inventory after the war losses. In the framework of the special subject collection (SSG) plan of the German Research Foundation (DFG), Kiel University Library was allocated responsibility for subject collection 7,22 Scandinavia. Against all tradition, the 'Sweden' section was removed from the plan in 1949, and assigned to the SUB Hamburg. The original state was restored in 1963.

In the context of the nationwide funding programme "Specialised Information Services", the SSG was replaced in 2016 by the Specialised Information Service (FID) for Northern Europe, which will provide scientists in Germany largely location-independent access to literature and online resources on Northern Europe in future. To this end, it not only continues to carry the extensive inventory of the SSG, but the focus is increasingly on developing online databases, journals, full texts and other digital resources.

170,000 volumes and a growing portfolio of online journals

The inventory of the FID Northern Europe currently comprises approximately 170,000 volumes, and is growing at an annual rate of approximately 3,000 volumes. In addition, there are around 700 continuously-held print magazines and yearbooks, as well as a constantly-growing portfolio of online journals in the Electronic Journals Library (EZB). Also, since 2006, online freely-accessible full texts have been collected and catalogued according to scientific criteria. Furthermore, the FID maintains approximately 500 databases in a separate section in the DBIS database information system , which grows by around 200 databases every year.

More information is available in the Podcast: Das Sondersammelgebiet Skandinavien an der Universitätsbibliothek Kiel. As part of the university's 350th anniversary, Kiel University Library's special subject collection "History, languages and literature of the Nordic countries" presented a special exhibition:  Von Fanø bis zur Nordkalotte (From Fanø to Cap of the North).

Northern Europe contribution by the FID to the Clio Guide

The team from the FID Northern Europe prepared the contribution on Northern Europe to the Clio Guide (guide to digital resources for historical sciences), published by the "Clio-online" portal for historians. (Beitrag zu Nordeuropa)

Registration for Access to Databases

In the framework of the FID Northern Europe, scientists in the field of Northern Europe research are given access to licensed data, regardless of their location. The first offers are already available, and additional licence negotiations are conducted on an ongoing basis.

For access to restricted data sources, personal basic registration and simultaneous acceptance of the terms and conditions of use for FID licences are required.
The offer is aimed exclusively at scientists; Kiel University Library therefore reserves the right to reject registration requests.

Note: certain materials are subject to special terms and conditions of use. Information on this is available along with the individual items.

Newspapers

For access to the following restricted newspapers and newspaper archives, personal basic registration and simultaneous acceptance of the terms and conditions of use for FID licences are required. For the personal basic registration, please send us the completed and signed application form (available as a PDF) by post.

 

What is on offer?

Aftenposten

The current online issue of the Norwegian daily newspaper "Aftenposten".

OBS ! Please reload the browser window if the article is not displayed completely. We are currently working on solving the problem.

 

Aftenposten Arkiv

Also contains the archive of the "Aftenposten".

 

Dagens Nyheter

The current online issue of the Swedish daily newspaper "Dagens Nyheter". Access also includes the archive.

OBS! After logging onto the DN website, please click the button "Logga in" at the top right to read the complete article. We are currently working on optimising the login process for Dagens Nyheter.
 

Politiken - E-paper

Electronic edition of the print version of the Danish daily newspaper "Politiken". Access also includes the archive.

 

Politiken - Website

The current online issue of the Danish daily newspaper "Politiken". It features access to the complete text of all articles. No further registration is necessary to access articles labelled with "For Abonnenter".

Databases (journals, articles)

For access to the following restricted newspapers and newspaper archives, personal basic registration and simultaneous acceptance of the terms and conditions of use for FID licences are required. For the personal basic registration, please send us the completed and signed application form (available as a PDF) by post.

 

Artikelsök

Article database Records all articles from five Swedish daily newspapers and 276 journals. Authorisation includes access to the underlying full-text database.

Idunn

Article database for Norwegian and Nordic journals. Authorisation includes access to the full texts.

Mediearkivet

Article database, newspaper and journal articles from Danish daily newspapers and journals. Authorisation includes access to the full texts.

OBS! Mediearkivet was initially activated until 30 June 2018. We shall consider re-activating it if there is enough interest. If you are interested and were not activated for Mediearkivet in the past, please contact fid_registrierung@ub.uni-kiel.de.

Bokhylla

Bokhylla encompasses access to the digitised books from the Norwegian digitalisation project "Primary literature", except for those entered in the last three years ("moving wall").

Interested parties may register with the FID by sending an e-mail to  fid_registrierung@ub.uni-kiel.de.

Language corpora from the hzsk

Hamburger Zentrum für Sprachkorpora 

To access the restricted-access language corpora listed below, you must request a user in addition to carrying out your basic personal registration.

Please send us the following signed and completed forms by post:

  • The registration form (PDF) for your basic personal registration (also serves as acknowledgement of the terms of usage for FID licences)
  • The usage agreement stored for the relevant language corpus (PDF)

 

Angebot Nutzungsbedingungen Nutzungsantrag
FADAC-DAN Hamburg

Faroese Danish Corpus Hamburg, Danish subcorpus

Audioaufnahmen von halbstrukturierten Interviews auf Färöisch und Dänisch mit bilingualen Sprechern (Alter 16-89) aus verschiedenen Regionen der Färöer-Inseln. Bei 37 der 56 Probanden gibt es Aufnahmen sowohl in ihrer L1 Färöisch als auch ihrer L2 Dänisch.

Es stehen nur die dänischen Daten zur Verfügung.

QUA Nutzungsantrag FADAC-DAN Hamburg
FADAC Hamburg

Faroese Danish Corpus Hamburg

Audioaufnahmen von halbstrukturierten Interviews auf Färöisch und Dänisch mit bilingualen Sprechern (Alter 16-89) aus verschiedenen Regionen der Färöer-Inseln. Bei 37 der 56 Probanden gibt es Aufnahmen sowohl in ihrer L1 Färöisch als auch ihrer L2 Dänisch.

QUA-part Nutzungsantrag FADAC Hamburg
HaCOSSA

Hamburg Corpus of Old Swedish with Syntactic Annotations

Religiöse (biblische, liturgische, literarische Texte) und weltliche Prosa (literarische Texte), Rechtstexte auf Altschwedisch.

AKA Nutzungsantrag HaCOSSA
SkandSemikoOresund

Scandinavian Semicommunication in the Öresund Region

Zweisprachige Radioaufnahmen von Sprechern einer skandinavischen Sprache, die in ihren jeweiligen Muttersprachen interagieren. Die meisten Sprecher sind Muttersprachler des Dänischen oder Schwedischen mit unterschiedlicher rezeptiver Kompetenz in den jeweils anderen und leben in der Öresundregion.

AKA Nutzungsantrag SkandSemikoOresund
SkandSemikoRadio

Scandinavian Semicommunication in Radio Programmes

Zweisprachige Radioaufnahmen von Sprechern einer skandinavischen Sprache, die in ihren jeweiligen Muttersprachen interagieren. Die Sprecher sind Muttersprachler des Dänischen, Schwedischen oder Norwegischen mit unterschiedlicher rezeptiver Kompetenz in den jeweils anderen.

AKA Nutzungsantrag SkandSemikoRadio

Digitisation on Demand (DoD)

We are collaborating with the Swedish literature portal Litteraturbanken and Gothenburg University Library to make it possible to realise digitisation requests for books with no copyrights, even if they are not in the collections at Kiel University Library. Initially, this service will be offered for Swedish books. However, requests for Danish and Norwegian books will also be accepted and realised, if possible.

If you have a digitisation request, please use our form.

Inter-Library Loan Research Apparatus

The inter-library loan research apparatus makes it possible to lend books from the area of the FID Northern Europe to academic institutions in Germany. This form of inter-library loan service is available to all academic institutes whose are affiliated with the FID Northern Europe in terms of their specialist activities, and it is limited to a period of six months. In all cases, Kiel University Library is the lender, and the borrower is the research institute in question.

The FID Northern Europe accepts applications for research apparatuses from all institutions focusing on research relating to Northern Europe. The management of the respective academic institution addresses such requests to the FID Northern Europe. All research staff who want to send a list of desired book titles to the FID after the institution has completed its one-time registration must be listed by name there.

In terms of content, this offer is limited to research literature addressing Northern Europe. Basic literature shall be available only for conventional inter-library loans, as has been the case previously.

To register a research apparatus for inter-library loans, please fill out the registration form (PDF) and send it to us by e-mail.

Projects Carried Out by the FID

The following text lists the projects the FID Northern Europe is currently involved with. They primarily concern expanding the range of services offered for scientists working in the field of Northern European research. The extended range of services will be available on our homepage or through "vifanord" after the projects in question have been completed.

The core technical project carried out by the FID Northern Europe is converting vifanord's search system from a metasearch, which always calls up new data from individual database sections (catalogues) after search requests, to an index-based search system (discovery system) in which we will keep the hits data available. The entire conversion process is extremely complicated and will require the entire project phase. Once this process is over, vifanord's interface will also be redesigned. In the end, the aim is not only to extend data selection considerably (catalogue sections from Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands will also be incorporated) but also to improve direct access to many full texts markedly.

 

The FID Northern Europe is also involved in several small projects revolving around making research data available and archiving it long term. In this context, a separate project is planned for indexing the estate of the Danish poet Jens Baggesen together with Professor Karin Hoff (Scandinavian Department, Göttingen).

 

The following has been realised at this point:

Activation of the proxy server that enables us to give individual people access to licensed data, regardless of their location; at the same time, we have begun negotiations with publishing houses and other providers in order to make such sources available to individual researchers from the field of Northern European research in a targeted manner.

 

Together with Litteraturbanken Litteraturbanken, we are going to get Digitisation on Demand (DoD) off the ground. Specifically, this means that digitisation requests can be submitted to us - for the time being, only for copyright-free texts. In many cases, Gothenburg University Library - and not our organisation - performs the digitalisation in the scope of Litteraturbanken. Kiel University Library then performs the subsequent metadata processing (above all, structural data). The data is then freely accessible via the customary reference systems (and vifanord as well, of course). A significant advantage of this system is that we have access to the complete inter-library loan collections of all Swedish libraries through Gothenburg University Library, which means we are able to fulfil most digitisation requests regardless of our collections.

 

We prepared Scandinavian language corpora in proprietary format and made it accessible in a pilot project in cooperation with the Hamburg Center for Language Corpora and Professor Steffen Höder (ISFAS at Kiel University).

Conventions on Northern European Research

In consultation with the Fachverband Skandinavistik (association for Scandinavian studies), the FID Northern Europe is keeping a calendar of conventions which lists important, relevant conferences in the field of Northern European research.